Guidelines for Authors
Contributions of any form should respond to the issue theme in an interesting form, establish a wider significance and preferably be of an untimely nature.
The introduction should set up the remainder of the paper, be enticing for the reader and offer a brief summary of what the paper will be about.
All concepts, arguments and people referred to should be introduced and explained, as articles are for a non-specialist audience and hence shouldn’t be overly technical or specific to an academic discourse.
Articles should be written with a non-specialist audience in mind, using as plain language as possible.
Articles should be fairly formal in style, so the use of personal pronouns should be kept to a minimum.
References and quotations should be kept to a minimum as well. As this is a non-academic publication, it is not necessary to back up all textual claims with references. Only those that are highly contentious and/or essential should be included.
Where references are essential, these should be included in the endnotes rather than in-text. It should be avoided to expand on arguments in footnotes.
four by three uses the Chicago style of referencing.
Please include any hyperlinks that you would like to have included in your article in the main body of the text.
Feel free to suggest photographs and other audio-visual material to accompany your article. However, their publication will be dependent on the editors’ discretion and pending right to use.
Reflection 500 - 1500 words
Reflections are short pieces, in which the author can present a thought, insight or opinion on a topic related to the issue theme. These are relatively informal in style and present an insight or musing, rather than a rigorous argument. Reflections should be fairly general and of relevance to a wider readership, rather than solely reflecting on a particular problem within a given discourse.
Review 500 - 1500 words
Reviews should foreground a particular aspect of their subject matter, offering a clear line of analysis, whilst establishing its wider significance and relation to the issue theme. These should not be exclusively descriptive or judgemental, but should offer a distinctive insight into the subject matter. Any elements of the work necessary for someone, who isn’t familiar with it, to understand should be introduced.
Basic information such as the name of the artist/film, maker/exhibition, location/ duration etc. should also be included at the end of the review in italics.
Essay 1500 - 3500
Essays should focus on a particular problem or line of enquiry related to the overall issue theme. A good contribution is one that opens up its subject matter to further thought, not one that tries to make a definitive and closed statement. Expositions that examine concrete examples, phenomena and distinctive developments in the relevant categories are, where possible, strongly preferred.
Artist Essay any length
Format, style and content is open to the artist. It should, however, tie in with the overall issue theme, for which the article is being submitted.